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Key On Mac Used For Text Document Navigation

Log in with an SSH private key on Linux and macOS

  1. Key On Mac Used For Text Document Navigation Downloads
  2. Key On Mac Used For Text Document Navigation Pdf
  3. Key On Mac Used For Text Document Navigation System

Authored by: Brint Ohearn

This article demonstrates how to use a private key to log in to a Linux®server by using a private key with a Terminal session on macOS®. However,you can follow the same process to use a private key when using anyterminal software on Linux.

Note: For information about using Secure Shell (SSH) private keys on Microsoft®Windows® operating systems, seeLogging in with an SSH Private Key on Windowsand Generate RSA keys with SSH by using PuTTYgen.


To complete this process, you need the following software applications:

Note: If you’re using Linux or Mac the modifier keys may be slightly different, though still generally universal. Also, feel free to review our complete list of Windows 10 Keyboard Shortcuts. Use Keyboard shortcuts. You can use your keyboard to quickly perform a variety of tasks in Mac OS X. Keyboard shortcuts are a better option then a mouse, since you wouldn't need to reach for the mouse, when using a computer. These are especially useful if you can't use your mouse or for saving time by not having to dig through menus. Table of Contents Use a keyboard shortcut to apply a text style in Pages on Mac You can assign a shortcut key (F1 to F8 on your keyboard) to a paragraph, character or list style, then use the shortcut key to apply the style to selected text. Note: To use shortcut keys on a Mac, press Fn with the shortcut key. Ctrl+End - move to the end of the document. Ctrl+Home - move to the beginning of the document. One character to the left press Left-arrow key. One character to the right press Right-arrow key. One line up press Up-arrow key. One line down press Down-arrow key. To the first character displayed in the window press Alt+Ctrl+Page Up.

  • SSH client software that is installed on your Linux or macOS operating system by default.
  • Your favorite text editor. This example uses the vim text editor.
  • Your private key. For more information about generating a key on Linux or macOS, seeConnect to a server by using SSH on Linux or Mac OS X.

Log in with a private key

  1. Using a text editor, create a file in which to store your private key. This example usesthe file deployment_key.txt.

  2. To edit the file in vim, type the following command:

  3. After the editor starts, press i to turn on insert mode.

  4. Paste your private key, such as the one in the following image, into the file.Be sure to include the BEGIN and END lines.

  5. To save your changes, press Esc.

  6. Type :wq to write the file and return to the command line.

  7. Run the following command to change the file permissions to 600 to secure the key. You can also set them to 400.This step is required:

  8. Use the key to log in to the SSH client as shown in the following example, which loads the key in file deployment_key.txt, and logs in as user demo to IP

  9. When you are prompted to confirm the connection, type yes and then press Enter.

  10. If your SSH key requires a password, enter it when prompted to complete the connection.

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Screen reader keyboard shortcuts > VoiceOver on a Mac

Also available in a single-page printer-friendly PDF version.

VoiceOver for macOS, first introduced in Mac OS X 10.4 in 2005, is a screen reader program that comes on new Mac computers. A variation of VoiceOver is also available on iPhones, iPads, and iPod touches.


VoiceOver works best with Safari. If you try to use it with any other browser, it may work for some things, but not as consistently as with Safari.

Keyboard Accessibility on a Mac

Keyboard accessibility is NOT enabled by default on a Mac. Your accessibility and screen reader test results will be inaccurate if you do not enable keyboard accessibility in the following two places:

  1. System Settings: Keyboard > Shortcuts > Full Keyboard Access > All controls
  2. Safari Settings: Advanced > Accessibility > Press Tab to highlight each item on a webpage.

The basics

Command + F5 starts the VoiceOver program. VoiceOver uses the Control and Option keys before each command. Jutt & juliet all softwares. The combination is referred to as VO in the tables. The VO keys can be locked so that they do not need to be pressed to perform VoiceOver commands by pressing VO + ;.

Getting Started
Start (or stop) VoiceOverCommand + F5
VoiceOver Activation keys (or VO keys)Control + Option (referenced as VO)
Lock (or unlock) VO keysVO + ;
Open rotor (see explanation below)VO + U
Start readingVO + A
Stop readingControl
Read next itemVO + Right Arrow
Read previous itemVO + Left Arrow
Read paragraphVO + P
Read sentenceVO + S
Read word (press W multiple times to spell words alphabetically and phonetically)VO + W
Read from top to current locationVO + B
Jump to top of page (using desktop keyboards)VO + Home
Jump to top of page (using laptop keyboards)VO + Fn + Left Arrow
Jump to bottom of page (using desktop keyboards)VO + End
Jump to bottom of page (using laptop keyboards)VO + Fn + Right Arrow
Navigate table cellsVO + Arrow Keys ( or or or )
Select speech setting option (speaking rate, voice, pitch, etc.)VO + Command +
Right Arrow / Left Arrow
Modify the selected speech settingVO + Command + Up Arrow / Down Arrow


The following shortcuts will help you navigate common page elements. You can press the Shift key with these commands to move to the previous occurrence.

Page Elements
Go to next/previous focusable item (link, button, input, etc.)Tab / Shift + Tab
Next linkVO + Command + L
Next visited linkVO + Command + V
Next headingVO + Command + H
Next form controlVO + Command + J
Next tableVO + Command + T
Next listVO + Command + X
Next graphicVO + Command + G
Activate a link or form controlVO + Space Bar
Go to previous (heading, table, etc.)VO + Shift + Command + (H, T, etc.)
Interact with (go into/out of) objects (like iframes, menus, application regions, etc.)VO + Shift + Down Arrow / Up Arrow

The rotor

The VoiceOver 'rotor' feature helps users to do some frequently performed navigation actions quickly and easily.

Open the rotor by pressing VO + U, then use the Left Arrow and Right Arrow keys to choose between Tables, Frames, Images, Headers (heading elements), Links, Auto Web Spots (automatically generated list of structural and significant items on the page), Form controls, Web spots (user-identified page areas), Visited links, and Non-visited links. Once a page element type is selected, use the Up Arrow and Down Arrow to select a particular element and Enter to activate it. Escape exits the rotor.


Within the rotor, you can begin typing to filter the available elements. For example, with the Headers rotor open, pressing '2' will filter to second level headings. Typing 'nav' will filter to the headings that contain those characters.

Data tables

Key On Mac Used For Text Document Navigation Downloads

You can navigate tables in text areas by row and column, and sort by column.

Key On Mac Used For Text Document Navigation Pdf

Data Tables
Read column headerVO + C
Read row from VO cursor location to end of rowVO + R
Read column from VO cursor location to bottom of columnVO + R + C
Move up or down in a columnUp Arrow or Down Arrow
Move across a rowLeft Arrow or Right Arrow

Additional resources

Key On Mac Used For Text Document Navigation System

Apple provides VoiceOver user information at